He was born on the year 1483 on February 14 in the town of Andijan in the valley of Fergana which is in modern Uzbekistan. He was the eldest son of Omar Sheikh Mīrzā who was the ruler of FerganaValley where he describes it as short and stout, round-bearded and fleshy faced. Babur mother name was Qutlugh Nigar Khanum. Although Babur hailed from the Barlas tribe which was of Mongol origin, his tribe had embraced Turkic and Persian culture, converted to Islam and resided in a region known as Turkestan. His mother tongue was the Chaghatai language and he was equally at home in Persian, the two linguae francae of the Timurid elite. His famous memories was written in the Baburnama, in the former language, that of his birthplace.